# Kelvin

Kelvin temperature conversion formulas
Conversion from to Formula
kelvins degrees Fahrenheit ?F = K × 1.8 − 459.67
degrees Fahrenheit kelvins K = (?F + 459.67) / 1.8
kelvins degrees Celsius ?C = K - 273.15
degrees Celsius kelvins K = ?C + 273.15
Note that for temperature intervals rather than temperature readings,
1 K = 1 ?C and 1 K = 1.8 ?F
Conversion calculator for units of temperature (http://www.chemie.fu-berlin.de/chemistry/general/units_en.html#temp)

The kelvin (symbol: K) is the SI unit of temperature, and is one of the seven SI base units. It is defined by two facts: zero kelvins is absolute zero (when molecular motion stops), and one kelvin is the fraction 1/273.16 of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of water. The Celsius temperature scale is now defined in terms of the kelvin, with 0 ?C corresponding to 273.15 kelvins, approximately the melting point of water under ordinary conditions.

The kelvin is named after the British physicist and engineer William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin; his barony was in turn named after the River Kelvin, which runs through the grounds of the University of Glasgow.

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## Typographical conventions

The word kelvin as an SI unit is correctly written with a lowercase k (unless at the beginning of a sentence), and is never preceded by the words degree or degrees, or the symbol ?, unlike degrees Fahrenheit, or degrees Celsius. This is because the latter are adjectives, whereas kelvin is a noun. It takes the normal plural form by adding an s in English: kelvins. When the kelvin was introduced in 1954 (10th General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM), Resolution 3, CR 79), it was the "degree Kelvin", and written °K; the "degree" was dropped in 1967 (13th CGPM, Resolution 3, CR 104).

Note that the symbol for the kelvin unit is always a capital K and never italicised. There is a space between the number and the K, as with all other SI units.

Unicode contains a legacy code for a kelvin symbol (K) to accommodate some old code pages in certain Oriental languages; it is not recommended for use any more. In all languages, the symbol should be the Roman letter Unicode K for current usage.

## Conversion factors

### Kelvins and Celsius

The Celsius temperature scale is now defined in terms of the kelvin, with 0 ?C corresponding to 273.15 kelvins.

• kelvins to °C
[itex]\mathrm{K} - 273.15[itex]

### Temperature and energy

In a thermodynamic system, the energy carried by the particles is proportional to the absolute temperature, where the constant of proportionality is the Boltzmann constant. As a result, it is possible to determine the temperature of particles with a certain energy; or to calculate the energy of particles at a certain temperature:

• kelvins to electron volts
[itex]\frac{\mathrm{K}}{11,\!605}[itex]

• ITS-90 International Temperature Scale

 Celsius Fahrenheit Kelvin Delisle Leyden Newton Rankine Réaumur Rømer Conversion formulas

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