Malayalam script

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(Redirected from Malayalam alphabet)

The Malayalam script is an abugida of the Brahmic family, used to write the Malayalam language. Both the language and its writing system are closely related to Tamil, although Malayalam has a larger phoneme inventory.

The alphabet is classified into two categories: swarams (or vowels) and vyanjanams (or consonants).

If you don't have a font that has Malayalam characters and Unicode support, the Malayalam characters in the following tables may not appear correctly.

Malayalam vowels
LetterVowel signVowel with [p] Unicode nameIPANote
 </font> (pa) A a short 'a'
(pā) AA aː long 'a'
ി ി (pi) I i short 'i'
(pī) II iː long 'i'
(pu) U u short 'u'
(pu) UU uː long 'u'
(pr̥) VOCALIC R rɨ  </font>
 </font>  </font>  </font> VOCALIC L  </font> obsolete/rarely used
(pe) E e short 'e'
(pē) E eː long 'e'
(pai) AI ai  </font>
(po) O o short 'o'
(pō) OO oː long 'o'
(pau) AU au  </font>
Malayalam consonants
MalayalamUnicode NameTransliterationIPA
KA kk
KHA khkh
GA gg
GHA ghgɦ
NGA n̄ or ngŋ
CA ctʃ
CHA chtʃh
JA jdʒ
JHA jhdʒɦ
NYA ñ or nyɲ
TTA or ttʈ
TTHA h or tthʈh
DDA or ddɖ
DDHA h or ddhɖɦ
NNA or nnɳ
TA tt̪
THA tht̪h
DA dd̪
DHA dd̪ɦ
NA nn̪
PA pp
PHA phph
BA bb
BHA bhbɦ
MA mm
YA yj
RA rr̪
LA ll
VA vʋ
SHA ś or shɕ
SSA or ssʃ
SA ss
HA hɦ
LLA or llɭ
LLLA or lllɹ
RRA or rrr


There is no distinction of case, i.e. no uppercase and lowercase letters. Diacritics, or vowel signs, are used to associate a vowel to a consonant. When no diacritic is used, the vowel sound 'a' is assumed. To specifically denote the absence of a vowel, a chandrakkala (also called virama) is used. </p>

Other Malayalam symbols
SymbolNameFunction
virama or chandrakkala denotes the absence of a vowel
anusvaaram nasalizes the preceding vowel
visargam adds voiceless breath after vowel (like h)

In addition to these symbols, there are many more symbols to indicate ligatures of the various consonants with each other.

Malayalam digits are written as follows:

Malayalam numerals
MalayalamArabic
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Malayalam in Unicode

The Unicode range for Malayalam is U+0D00 ... U+0D7F.

 </font> </font>0123456789ABCDEF
D00 </font>
D10 </font>
D20 </font>
D30 </font>ി
D40 </font>
D50 </font>
D60 </font>
D70 </font>ൿ

See also

External links

ml:മലയാളം അക്ഷരമാല

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