Malayalam calendar

From Academic Kids

The Malayalam calendar is a solar calendar used in the South Indian state of Kerala.

It has twelve months:

  1. Chingam
  2. Kanni
  3. Thulam
  4. Vrischikam
  5. Dhanu
  6. Makaram
  7. Kumbham
  8. Meenam
  9. Medam
  10. Edavam
  11. Midhunam
  12. Karkidakam

The months are named after the constellations in which the Sun is seen during the period. Thus Chingom (from Simham or Lion) is named after the constellation Leo.

The Malayalam era called KollaVarsham (or Kollam era) was established in 825 CE. Some historians attribute the founding of this era to King Udaya Marthanda Varma, King of Venad.

Interestingly parts of central Kerala consider Medam as the start of the year cycle. The Vishu festival signifies the start of the new year comes generally in middle of April.

See also

External link

Template:India-stubde:Malayalam-Kalender

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