From Academic Kids

This article is about the Canadian province. Manitoba is also the former stage name of electronic musician Dan Snaith, who now uses the name Caribou.

Template:Canadian province or territory Manitoba is one of Canada's provinces. It was the fifth province to join Canada (in 1870). Its population as of January 1, 2004 (Statistics Canada) was 1,165,944(Manitobans). It is the easternmost of the three Prairie Provinces.

Its capital and largest city (containing over one half the provincial population) is Winnipeg. Other important cities and towns include Brandon, Thompson, Dauphin, Swan River, Churchill, The Pas, Melita, Selkirk, Portage la Prairie, Flin Flon, Steinbach, Morden, and Winkler.



Manitoba is located in the longitudinal centre of Canada, although it is considered part of Western Canada. It borders Saskatchewan to the west, Ontario to the east, Nunavut to the north, and the American states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south.

The province has a coast with Hudson Bay, and contains the very large Lakes Winnipeg, Manitoba (its namesake), and Winnipegosis. Important watercourses include the Red River, Assiniboine River, Nelson River, Hayes River and Churchill River.

The Manitoba climate is severe, although the southern latitudes support extensive agriculture. The northern reaches of the province range through coniferous forests, muskeg, and up to tundra in the far north. There is approximately 24,000 square miles of untouched boreal forest on the eastern side of Lake Winnipeg, renowned by naturalists and sportsmen for its pristine wilderness.

Manitoba lies in the path of the Arctic Trough which funnels cold arctic air south during the winter months. This, in conjunction with the relatively unprotected prairie landscape, makes southern Manitoba a harsh climate in which to live during the icy cold, wind swept months from mid-November through much of March. This has resulted in the capital of the province being nicknamed "Winterpeg".

10 Largest Municipalities by population

Municipality 2001 1996
Winnipeg 619,544 618,477
Brandon 39,716 39,175
Thompson 13,256 14,385
Portage la Prairie 12,976 13,077
Springfield 12,602 12,162
Hanover 10,789 9,833
St. Andrews 10,695 10,144
Selkirk 9,752 9,881
Steinbach 9,227 8,478
St. Clements 9,115 8,516


Manitoba was settled by members of the Ojibwa and Assiniboine tribes. The first European to reach present-day Manitoba was Sir Thomas Button, who visited the Nelson River in 1612. Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, Sieur de la Vrendrye, visited the Red River Valley in the 1730s as part of opening the area for French exploration and exploitation. An important French-Canadian population (Franco-Manitobains) still lives in Manitoba, especially in the Saint-Boniface district of Winnipeg.

The territory was won by Britain in 1763 as part of the French and Indian War, and became part of Rupert's Land, the immense monopoly territory of the Hudson's Bay Company.

Manitoba Legislature
Manitoba Legislature

The founding of the first agricultural community in 1811 by Lord Selkirk, near modern Winnipeg, resulted in conflict between the white colonists and the Mtis who lived near there. Twenty colonists, including the governor, were killed by the Mtis in the Battle of Seven Oaks in 1816.

When Rupert's Land was ceded to Canada in 1869 and incorporated into the Northwest Territories, a lack of attention to Mtis concerns led their leader Louis Riel to establish a provisional government. Negotiations between this government and the Canadian government resulted in the creation of the province of Manitoba and its entry into Confederation in 1870.

Originally the province was only 1/18 of its current size and square in shape - it was known as the "postage stamp province." It grew progressively, absorbing land from the Northwest Territories until it attained its current size by reaching 60N in 1912.



See also

Provinces and territories of Canada
Provinces: Alberta British Columbia Missing image

New Brunswick Newfoundland and Labrador
Alberta British Columbia Manitoba New Brunswick Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia Ontario Missing image
Prince Edward Island

Quebec Saskatchewan
Nova Scotia Ontario Prince Edward Island Quebec Saskatchewan
Territories: Yukon Missing image
Northwest Territories

Yukon Northwest Territories Nunavut


External links

de:Manitoba et:Manitoba provints es:Manitoba eo:Manitobo fr:Manitoba it:Manitoba he:מניטובה ka:მანიტობა la:Manitoba nl:Manitoba ja:マニトバ州 no:Manitoba pl:Manitoba pt:Manitoba simple:Manitoba sk:Manitoba fi:Manitoba sv:Manitoba vi:Manitoba tr:Manitoba


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