Palatal lateral approximant

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox IPA The palatal lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is , and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is L.

Contents

Features

Features of the palatal lateral approximant:

  • Its manner of articulation is approximant, which means it is produced by bringing one articulator close to another but without the vocal tract being narrowed to such an extent that a turbulent airstream is produced.
  • Its place of articulation is palatal which means it is articulated with the middle or back part of the tongue raised against the hard palate.
  • Its phonation type is voiced, which means the vocal cords are vibrating during the articulation.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth.
  • It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by allowing the airstream to flow over the sides of the tongue, rather than the middle of the tongue.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic egressive, which means it is articulated by pushing air out of the lungs and through the vocal tract, rather than from the glottis or the mouth.

In English

In some dialects of English, the sequence /lj/ is sometimes realized as the palatal lateral approximant, via coalescence, a type of assimilation. For example, million ( might be realized as ). However, there are no minimal pairs for /lj/ and /ʎ/, so the palatal lateral approximant is not a separate phoneme in English.

In other languages

Catalan

Catalan has the palatal lateral approximant as a phoneme, and it is denoted by "ll", as in lluna (moon).

Croatian

Croation has the palatal lateral approximant as a phoneme, and it is denoted by "lj", as in odijeljen (separated).

Italian

Italian has the palatal lateral approximant as a phoneme, and it is denoted by "gli", as in figlio (son).

Portuguese

Portuguese has the palatal lateral approximant as a phoneme, and it is denoted by "lh", as in ovelha (sheep).

Quechua

Quechua has the palatal lateral approximant as a phoneme, and it is denoted by "ll", as in allin (good).

Slovak

Slovak has the palatal lateral approximant as a phoneme, and it is denoted by "l’", as in ral’a (field).

Spanish

Spanish has the palatal lateral approximant as a phoneme, and it is denoted by "ll", as in millón (million).

See also


Sounds of the world's languages
International Phonetic Alphabet
Consonants | Vowels
Places of articulation Manners of articulation

Bilabial | Labiodental | Labial-velar | Dental | Alveolar | Postalveolar | Alveolo-palatal | Retroflex | Palatal | Velar | Uvular | Pharyngeal | Epiglottal | Glottal

Nasals | Plosives | Fricatives | Affricates | Laterals | Approximants | Flaps/Taps | Trills | Ejectives | Implosives | Clicks

de:Stimmhafter lateraler palataler Approximant
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