Qiqihar

From Academic Kids

Qiqihar (Simplified Chinese: 齐齐哈尔; Traditional Chinese: 齊齊哈爾; Pinyin: Qqhā'ěr; Postal Pinyin: Tsitsihar; Wade-Giles: Ch'i-ch'i-ha-er) is a major city in the Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China. Generally there are Han-Chinese and the minority are among others Manchu, Daur and Mongolians.

Geography

The population is about 5.611 mio., where 883.550 (January 1st, 2005) people live in the city. The area is 4.310 km; 42.469 km including suburbs. It is about 146 m above sea level and the annual rainfall is 415 mm. Average temperature is 3.2C (January -25.7C, July 22.8C).

The urban area includes Tiefeng District, Longsha District and Jianhua District.

Qiqihar hast got 16 circles:

  • Districts (区/區 )
    • 龙沙/龍沙
    • 昂昂溪
    • 铁峰/鐵峰
    • 建华/建華
    • 富拉尔基/富拉爾基
    • 碾子山
    • 梅裡斯
  • Circlefree city (县級市/縣級市 xinj sh)
    • 讷河/訥河
  • Landcircles (县/縣 xin)
    • 富裕
    • 拜泉
    • 甘南(黑龙江/黑龍江)
    • 依安
    • 克山
    • 泰来/泰來
    • 克东/克東
    • 龙江/龍江

Template:Heilongjiang

History

Qiqihar is one of the oldest cities in the northeast of China and was founded in 1691. From 1931 until 1945 it was an important military base for the japanese control of Manchuria.

A major mustard gas tank leftover from the Sino-Japanese War buried underground was accidentally damaged in 2003. It caused major injuries and one(?) death.de:Qiqihar ja:チチハル pt:Qiqihar zh:齐齐哈尔

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