St John's College, Oxford

From Academic Kids

St John's College
Established 1555
Sister CollegeSidney Sussex College
President Sir Michael Scholar
Graduates 184
Undergraduates 381


St John's College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. It was founded by Sir Thomas White, a merchant, in 1555, and his heart is buried in the chapel. White was Master of the Merchant Taylors' Company, and established a number of educational foundations including the Merchant Taylors' schools. Although the College was closely linked to those institutions for many centuries, it became a more open society in the later 19th century. The endowments which St John's was given at its foundation, and during the 20 or so years afterward, served it very well. In the second half of the nineteenth century it benefited, as ground landlord, from the suburban development of the city of Oxford and was unusual among Colleges for the size and extent of its property within the city.

Although primarily a producer of Anglican clergymen in the earlier periods of its history, St John's also gained a reputation for both law and medicine. Fellows and alumni have included Archbishop Laud, Jane Austen's father and brothers, the early Fabian intellectual Sidney Ball, who was very influential in the creation of the Workers' Educational Association (WEA), and Abdul Rasul, one of the first Bengalis to gain the degree of Bachelor of Civil Law at Oxford.

The site was formerly the Cistercian monastery of St Bernard. Fairly large, it comprises approximately 400 undergraduates and 250 postgraduates and academic staff, and is the wealthiest college in Oxford. The college stands on St Giles, which it owns, and is close to the Martyrs' Memorial. The college's Sir Thomas White Quadrangle is an early work by Ove Arup.

The college comprises six quadrangles (quads): Front Quad (the buildings of the former St. Bernard's monastery), Canterbury Quad, Dolphin Quad, North Quad (containing the infamous 'Beehive', made up of hexagonal rooms in which each internal wall is a different length), Sir Thomas White Quad (affectionately known as 'Tommy White'), and Garden Quad.

In addition, the college accommodates a number of students, traditionally second-years but nowadays also a significant number of finalists, in the houses owned by the college on Museum Road and Blackhall Road. These houses back onto Queen Elizabeth House, which accommodates the Centre for International Development; plans are underway to convert Queen Elizabeth House into what the college is calling 'the last great quad in the city centre'. This will mean the college will extend for almost the entire length of the east side of St. Giles, as well as owning parts of the opposite side (including the recent purchase of the Eagle and Child pub to complement the Lamb and Flag opposite it on the college side of the road).

Missing image
Canterbury Quad, St John's College, Oxford : The entrance to the Great Lawn and gardens, landscaped by Capability Brown

Notable Alumni

External link

Colleges of the University of Oxford

Missing image
Arms of the University

All Souls | Balliol | Brasenose | Christ Church | Corpus Christi | Exeter | Green | Harris Manchester | Hertford | Jesus | Keble | Kellogg | Lady Margaret Hall | Linacre | Lincoln | Magdalen | Mansfield | Merton | New College | Nuffield | Oriel | Pembroke | Queen's | St Anne's | St Antony's | St Catherine's | St Cross | St Edmund Hall | St Hilda's | St Hugh's | St John's | St Peter's | Somerville | Templeton | Trinity | University | Wadham | Wolfson | Worcester

Permanent Private Halls at the University of Oxford

Blackfriars | Campion Hall | Greyfriars | Regent's Park College | St Benet's Hall | St Stephen's House | Wycliffe Hall


Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (
    • Architecture (
    • Cultures (
    • Music (
    • Musical Instruments (
  • Biographies (
  • Clipart (
  • Geography (
    • Countries of the World (
    • Maps (
    • Flags (
    • Continents (
  • History (
    • Ancient Civilizations (
    • Industrial Revolution (
    • Middle Ages (
    • Prehistory (
    • Renaissance (
    • Timelines (
    • United States (
    • Wars (
    • World History (
  • Human Body (
  • Mathematics (
  • Reference (
  • Science (
    • Animals (
    • Aviation (
    • Dinosaurs (
    • Earth (
    • Inventions (
    • Physical Science (
    • Plants (
    • Scientists (
  • Social Studies (
    • Anthropology (
    • Economics (
    • Government (
    • Religion (
    • Holidays (
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (
    • Planets (
  • Sports (
  • Timelines (
  • Weather (
  • US States (


  • Home Page (
  • Contact Us (

  • Clip Art (
Personal tools