Truro, Nova Scotia

From Academic Kids

Missing image
One of Truro's tree sculptures

Truro (2001 population 11,457; area population 44,276) is a town in central Nova Scotia, Canada. Truro is the shire town of Colchester County and is located on the south side of the Salmon River floodplain, close to the river's discharge point into the eastern end of Cobequid Bay.



The town was first settled in 1761 by Presbyterians of predominantly Ulster Scottish origin who came from Ireland via New England. It is named after the city of Truro in Cornwall, England. Originally a small farming community, the construction of the Nova Scotia Railway between Halifax and Pictou in 1858 caused the municipality to experience a fast rate of growth. It was officially incorporated in 1875.

"Hub of Nova Scotia"

Today Truro is known as the "Hub of Nova Scotia" as it is located at the junction between the Canadian National Railway, running between Halifax and Montreal, and the Cape Breton and Central Nova Scotia Railway, running between Truro and Sydney. Until the 1980s, Truro also hosted a junction between the Canadian National and Canadian Pacific Railway's former Dominion Atlantic Railway line running through Windsor and down the Annapolis Valley to Yarmouth, Nova Scotia.

An important highway interchange is located just north of Truro in the rural community of Onslow where Nova Scotia Highway 102 (Veterans Memorial Highway) ends at Nova Scotia Highway 104, a part of the Trans-Canada Highway.

Other facts

The neighbouring village of Bible Hill is home to the Nova Scotia Agricultural College, the only university-level agricultural institution in Atlantic Canada.

The Salmon River running along Truro's northern boundary is renowned for the natural occurrence of a tidal bore, one of the largest in North America, and a direct result of the power of the tides of the Bay of Fundy.

Truro features several unique wooden sculptures created from the stumps of elm trees which were lost due to Dutch Elm disease. The tree sculptures are located throughout the downtown core.

Truro is home to one of Canada's last remaining successful textile mills, Stanfield's Limited. Stanfield's is famous throughout Canada for its t-shirts, socks and undergarments. Other products manufactured in Truro include carpets Crossley Carpet Mills and molded and film plastic products.

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